How can we create recursive functions in Python?

Recursion is a programming method, in which a function calls itself one or more times in its body. Usually, it is returning the return value of this function call. If a function definition follows recursion, we call this function a recursive function.

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A recursive function has to terminate to be used in a program. It terminates, if with every recursive call the solution of the problem is becomes smaller and moves towards a base case, where the problem can be solved without further recursion. A recursion can lead to an infinite loop, if the base case is not met in the calls.

Example

The following code returns the sum of first n natural numbers using a recursive python function.


def sum_n(n):
    if n== 0:
        return 0
    else:
        return n + sum_n(n-1)

This prints the sum of first 100 natural numbers and first 500 natural numbers


print(sum_n(100))
print(sum_n(500))

 Output


C:/Users/codegyan/~.py
5050
125250
How can we create recursive functions in Python?

Published on 30-Oct-2021 14:38:44

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